Innovative Journal of Medical Sciences <div id="myCarousel" class="carousel slide" data-ride="carousel"><!-- Carousel indicators --> <!-- Wrapper for carousel items --> <div class="carousel-inner"> <div class="item active"><img class="img-responsive img-thumbnail" src="" alt="First Slide" width="700" height="300"></div> <div class="item"><img class="img-responsive img-thumbnail" src="" alt="Second Slide" width="700" height="300"></div> <div class="item"><img class="img-responsive img-thumbnail" src="" alt="Third Slide"></div> </div> <!-- Carousel controls --></div> <div class="jumbotron text-center"> <h3>Journal do not take any publication charges, it is a free journal.</h3> </div> <p style="text-align: justify;">The Innovative Journal of Medical Sciences is a quarterly peer- reviewed international journal. The journal’s full text is available online at <a href=""></a> The journal allows free access (Open Access) to its contents and permits authors to self-archive final accepted version of the articles . The Journal has been designed to cover all the fields of research, which has any correlation and impact on Pharmaceutical and medical science.IJMS aims for a quick publication of research articles post review by the Editorial Board. <strong>IJMS free submission provides platform for the new researchers to get there researches published with rapid review.</strong>The members of the Editorial Board of IJMS are of international stature coming across the globe, many of whom are well known eminent academicians and researchers which allows the complete coverage of the scope of the journal.IJMS accepts new technologies, or research or research methods with applicability to pharmacy practice in fields such as pharmaceutical care, medication therapy management, Pharmaceutical Technology, Pharmacognosy, Natural Product Research, Pharmaceutics, Novel Drug Delivery, Biopharmaceutics, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry, Computational Chemistry and Molecular Drug Design, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Analysis, Pharmacy Practice, Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy, Cell Biology, Genomics and Proteomics, Pharmacogenomics, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology of Pharmaceutical Interest , Medical science ,APHE , Organ system, psychosocial aspects of medication use, pharmacoeconomics, pharmacotherapy, pharmacoepidemiology, pharmacy law, pharmacy management, public health, and health care financing.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Papers may be sent at <strong>;</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> en-US (Prof. M A Naidu) (Prof. Nilesh Jain) Sat, 01 May 2021 08:34:00 +0000 OJS 60 In vitro antibacterial effect of Vernonia amygdalina leaves extract on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus in Kebbi State, Northern Nigeria <p>In the developing world, sufficient access to conventional medicines has been arguably of immense<br>challenge perhaps due to socioeconomic predicaments. This has consequently led to an increase in the<br>use of ethnomedicinal regimens such as Vernonia amygdalina, commonly called bitter leaf. This study<br>is aimed at investigating the in vitro antibacterial effect of V. amygdalina leaves extracts on Escherichia<br>coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Conventional microbiological techniques were used to screen aqueous<br>extracts of V. amygdalina for antibacterial sensitivity and phytochemical properties. Zones of inhibition<br>produced by ethanolic extract ranged from 11.30 ± 0.30 mm at 25 mg/ml to 17.40 ± 2.88 mm at 100 mg/ml<br>against E. coli; 12.63 ± 2.97 mm at 25 mg/ml to 14.5 ± 2.5 mm at 100 mg/ml against S. aureus; the most<br>sensitive organisms on the ethanolic extract was E. coli while S. aureus was the least sensitive. The leaves<br>extracts were positive for flavonoids, terpenoids, saponins, anthraquinones, alkaloids, and phenols. This<br>outcome suggests the possibility of obtaining a safe and efficacious chemotherapeutic derivative from<br>V. amygdalina as it already serves as an important food ingredient in Nigeria.</p> Musa Galadima ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 19 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 A comparative study of bacteria and fungi associated with spoilage of banana and orange sold in Sokoto metropolis <p>Fruits are some of the essential elements of balanced diet required for good health maintenance. Banana and<br>orange are the most extensively produced fruits in the world, which implies that they are the most widely<br>consumed fruits and highly common. The comparative study of microorganism connected with spoilage of<br>banana and orange in Sokoto metropolis was conducted to identify some of the microorganisms (bacteria<br>and fungi) associated with the spoilage of fruits, with particular interest in banana and orange. Procedures<br>involved in these investigations include collection of samples from the local market, preparation in the<br>laboratory using standard procedure, and inoculation of samples into various Petri dishes containing nutrient<br>agar and potatoes dextrose agar for bacteria and fungi, respectively. The prepared samples were incubated<br>for 24 h at 34°C for the bacteria sample and for 5 days at room temperature for the fungal sample. The result<br>shows orange to present a higher number of bacteria species than banana, whereas, the fungal isolate showed<br>the same prevalence in both banana and orange, except for the frequency of occurrence of Aspergillus<br>species which presented 33% appearance in orange and 50% appearance in banana. The result from this<br>study shows that orange contains more microbes. This is associated with its high percentage of water content.<br>The moisture content and requirement for the growth of these fruit encourage the growth and development of<br>these organisms/pests. There is, therefore, the need to have proper understanding of some of the organisms,<br>as this will inform consumers on the implications of eating some of the fruits when they begin to spoil.</p> Musa Galadima ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 19 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Dermatoglyphic patterns of three ethnic groups and hereditary pattern of fingerprints in an urhobo community <p>Dermatoglyphics study is an important aspect of forensic science in establishing an individual’s identity.<br>The aim of this study is to empirically determine the fingerprint pattern of subjects of Urhobo, Isoko, and<br>Ika origin and to compare the prevalence of fingerprint pattern of parents and their biological children.<br>This study is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted for 6 months period among three ethnic<br>groups in Delta State. The combined sample size for the study is 1200 subjects, each selected across the<br>aforementioned ethnic groups. A similar study focusing on the hereditary pattern of print was conducted<br>for the Urhobo people using a small village (Igun). Data collected were subjected to statistical analysis,<br>using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 20. P &lt; 0.05 was considered significant.<br>The statistical analysis showed that females had greater proportion of Arches and Loops in all five digits,<br>while male had greater proportion of Whorl in all five digits. The current study shows that fingerprint<br>pattern is unique among gender, ethnicity, and families. This study will be of great relevance in the field<br>of anthropology and forensic sciences.</p> A. S. Eferavware ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 19 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Pandemics (coronavirus disease-2019), experiences, lessons learn, and the future <p>The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is the defining global health crisis of our time and<br>the greatest challenge we have faced since World War Two. Since its emergence in Asia in 2019, the<br>virus has spread everywhere except Antarctica. We have now reached the tragic milestone of more than<br>2 million deaths, and the human family is suffering under an almost intolerable burden of loss. However,<br>the pandemic is much more than a health crisis, it’s also an unprecedented socioeconomic crisis. Stressing<br>every one in the countries, it has the potential to create devastating social, economic, and political effects<br>that will leave deep and long-standing scars. Every day, people are losing jobs and income, with no<br>way of knowing when normality will return. Small island nations, heavily dependent on tourism, have<br>empty hotels and deserted beaches. We have been supporting countries since the very early stages of<br>this crisis, donating essential protective medical equipment. As the response evolves, and after assessing<br>the immediate, medium- and long-term needs, we are moving into the socioeconomic response. It will<br>require all of society to limit the spread of COVID-19 and to cushion the potentially devastating impact<br>it may have vulnerable economies. We must rebuild trust and cooperation, within and among nations, and<br>between people and their governments.</p> Dr. Ahmadi Begum ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000